Social media giant given 30 days to comply by Russian government
Russia has threatened to block Twitter from being accessed across the country unless the social media giant agrees to delete content that has been “banned” by the government.
The Kremlin has given Jack Dorsey’s microblogging platform 30 days to comply with their demands or face a nationwide blackout.
On Tuesday, the deputy head of the government’s watchdog Roskomnadzor, Vadim Subbotin, said the ban would come into effect unless Twitter removed the content.
Subbotin said the content includes child porn and information on child suicide and drugs.
However, critics say the crackdown is actually an attempt to stop Putin’s political opponents from organizing rallies, as they did in a number of cities earlier this year.
Subbotin issued the threat just a day after Russian President Vladimir Putin’s main critic, Alexei Navalny, posted his first update from inside jail – sharing an image of himself with a shaved head.
“Twitter is not reacting to our requests as they should,” Subbotin said.
“If the situation carries on then it will be blocked in a month without a court order.”
It comes a week after Subbotin announced that Twitter’s internet speed would be slowed down unless it removed the offending content.
Meanwhile, Twitter is also being sued in Russia for allegedly failing to delete material encouraging children to join anti-Putin protests.
Twitter said at the time that it was worried about the impact on free speech despite Russian laws specifically outlawing children attending protests.
Russia has also railed against social media sites for censoring state-controlled media such as RT, which have been branded propaganda sites by foreign governments.
Back in January, Putin personally accused social media giants of “controlling society” and “restricting the right to freely express viewpoints.”
Around 9 million Russians are thought to use Twitter, just eight percent of the country’s total population.
Although, it is the favored means of communication for Putin’s critics including the likes of Navalny.
The dissident is a prolific user of social media, mostly Instagram, while his spokeswoman Kira Yarmysh frequently posts on Twitter.
He uses the sites to bypass Russian censors which have banned him from TV and the airwaves, and promote anti-corruption investigations into Putin.
Navalny’s most-recent, published days after his latest arrest in Russia, accused Putin of building a palace on the country’s Black Sea coast using embezzled state funds.
Putin denied the allegations but they were enough to spark some of the largest protests against his leadership since he became president in 2000.
The move against Twitter is part of ongoing efforts by the government to tighten control over social platforms.
In 2014, the authorities adopted a law requiring online services to store the personal data of Russian users on servers in Russia and have since tried to make Facebook and Twitter comply with it.
Both companies have been repeatedly fined, first small amounts of around $50 and last year the equivalent of $63,000 for not complying.
Vladimir Putin last year signed a further array of laws giving Russia new powers to restrict US social media giants that “discriminate” against its media.